Unlike dogs, cats do not have a sweet tooth. Scientists believe that this is due to a mutation in one of the key receptors of taste.
The cat can not climb the tree upside down due to the claw device. In order to descend from the tree, she must retreat, backing behind.
The cat’s brain is biologically closer to the human than the dog’s brain. For emotions in cats are responsible for the same parts of the brain as in humans.
In the world live more than 500 million domestic cats; there are about 40 different breeds.
In order to sew a coat, you need about 24 cat skins.
Although it is commonly believed that the ancient Egyptians tamed the first cats, the oldest known domestic cat was recently found in a 9,500-year-old grave on the Mediterranean island of Cyprus. This is ahead of the mention of a cat in Egyptian art for more than 4000 years.
At the time of the Spanish Inquisition, Pope Innocent VIII recognized cats as assistants to the devil, and thousands of cats were burned. Unfortunately, the mass killing of cats led to a sharp increase in the population of rats, which aggravated the consequences of the “Black Death” (plague epidemic).
The first cat, who visited space, was a French cat named Felicette (that is, Astrocat). In 1963 France launched it into space. Electrodes implanted in the cat’s brain sent neurological signals back to Earth. Astrocat survived this flight safely.
A group of words related to a cat (catt, cath, chat, katze) come from the Latin “catus“, meaning “domestic cat”, in contrast to “feles“, that is, “wild cat”.
According to the Jewish legend, Noah prayed to God, asking him to protect the food on the ark from the rats. In response, God caused the lion to sneeze, and a cat jumped out of it.
The cat can move at a maximum speed of about 50 km / h for short distances.
Cats rub against people not only from affection, but also to mark the territory with the smell of glands located around the muzzle. Also, the smell marks the areas near the cat’s tail and paws.
Scientists do not know exactly how the cat purrs. Most veterinarians believe that the cat purrs vibrations of the vocal cords deep in the throat. For this, the muscles of the larynx open and close the air passage about 25 times per second.
In ancient Egypt, when a domestic cat was dying, family members shaved their brows and mourned for it. They also held a funeral, during which they drank wine and beat themselves in the chest. The cat was embalmed and placed in a family tomb or animal cemetery with tiny mummies of mice.
In 1888, more than 300,000 mummified cats were found in Egyptian cemeteries. They were removed from the fabric and taken to England and the US for use as a fertilizer.
Most cats give birth in litter from one to nine kittens. In the largest known litter there were 19 kittens, of which 15 survived.
The smuggling of cats from ancient Egypt was punishable by death.
The early ancestors of modern cats lived about 30 million years ago. Scientists called them “Proailurus”, which in Greek means “first cat”. A group of animals, to which modern cats belong, appeared about 12 million years ago.
The largest wild cat for today is the Amur tiger. It can grow more than 3.6 m in length (the size of a small car) and weigh up to 320 kg.
The smallest wildcat for today is the Blackfoot Cat. Female it is less than 50 cm in length and can weigh only 1.2 kg.
Although many parts of Europe and North America, a black cat is considered a bad sign, in the UK and Australia meeting with a black cat foreshadows a fortune.
The most popular breed of cats in the world is the Persian cat, followed by the Raccoon cat (Maine Coon) and the Siamese cat.
Some Siamese cats mow through the eyes because of the special arrangement of the optic nerves.
There is a breed of cats that like to swim. The wool of Turkish Van, a breed bred in Central Asia, has a unique texture that makes it waterproof.
The most expensive cat in the world named Little Nicky cost her owner $ 50,000. She is a clone of his former cat, died of old age.
The cat has about 12 mustaches on each side of the muzzle.
Cat’s vision is both better and worse than human. Better – because cats are much better seen in the dark and have a wider angle of peripheral vision. Worse – because they do not distinguish colors the way people do. For example, grass seems to cats red.
In Spanish-Jewish folklore there is a parable that Adam’s first wife, Lilith, turned into a black vampire cat sucking the blood of sleeping babies. Perhaps, it is this fact that led to the belief that a cat can strangle a sleeping baby or “suck” its breath.
The most famous comic cat in literature is the Cheshire cat in Alice in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll. Due to his ability to disappear, this mysterious character personifies magic and witchcraft historically associated with cats.
In the original Italian version of “Cinderella,” the good fairy godmother was a cat.
At the Dutch embassy in Moscow, the staff noticed that two Siamese cats started mewing and scratching the walls of the building from time to time. Their owners finally decided to find out what the matter was, thinking that they would find mice. Instead, they found hidden in the walls of microphones of Russian spies. Cats heard the microphones when they were turned on.
The ability of cats to find their way home is called “psi-travel”. According to experts, cats either determine their location by the angle of sunlight, or cats have magnetized cells in the brain that act like a compass.
The jaws of the cat do not move from side to side, so the cat can not chew large pieces of food.